Vehicle wheel is a single of critical security elements. China’s auto sector for the Chinese automobile business, steel wheels provide a good chance. Nevertheless, due to historical motives, China’s steel wheel business scattered, backward technology and equipment level, the circumstance of weak independent development capabilities, and has not changed. This paper analyzes the worldwide steel wheel market status and improvement trends and China’s domestic situation of the enterprise wheels, steel wheels on the automobile market, performed in-depth analysis and forecasts.
China’s auto marketplace and the massive improvement possible and comparative benefits of low expense, causing a expanding quantity of automotive elements makers in China cross-border investments. The face of international competition and option items continue to erode their marketplace share of stress, the Chinese steel wheel market, the prelude to a series of major alterations have been opened, these adjustments will involve capital, technology, products and markets, and several other fields. In this paper, the common trend of the world to start the wheel industry, analysis of the international competition among state enterprises wheels, steel wheels and aluminum wheels for competition, steel wheel technology, and so forth., describing the existing status of domestic industries and enterprises in steel wheels and predict the future trend.
2 International Steel Wheel Sector Overview
two.1 The globe market for auto wheels
Current years, the world’s car production fluctuated between 10,000 in 5500-6500. In 2004, the world’s total automobile output was 64.616 million. The world’s total automobile output in accordance with steel wheels and aluminum wheels and configuration for rough estimates, the global automobile OEM wheel package is about 340 million (of which: 120 000 000 Americas, Europe, 110 million, about one hundred million Asia-Pacific area ), the industry value of about 80 million (of which: about 3.five billion steel wheels, aluminum alloy wheels of about 45 billion U.S. dollars).
2.2 wheel market, the competitive landscape of international
2.two.1 International wheel industry, “steel and aluminum dispute”
In the automotive market, the conventional steel is facing serious challenge from option materials. Since the 80s of last century, aluminum, magnesium and plastics in the automotive steadily been applied to the mid-90s, alternative supplies, the application was in the auto acceleration trend.
Automotive materials “steel and aluminum dispute,” the safety elements in the wheel’s contention that the performance of particularly prominent, the main battlefield in the field of passenger auto wheels, and gradually extended to the field of commercial car wheels. The early 80s of final century, the international 90 percent of the automobiles wheels to steel as a raw material but in 2003 the share of aluminum wheels jumped to 60%. Some of China’s predicament worse, some of the original foreign steel wheels as common to models, to China to switch to aluminum wheels as standard. Far more Automobile Group, for example, SAIC, 2004 drum configuration models the proportion of only about 30%, 1 / five vehicles with steel wheels, four / 5 vehicles with aluminum wheels. In 1997, JDPowerAssociates survey study shows that in 1997 the major European automobile makers to steel wheels as normal the proportion of about 77%, an average of about 65% in North America, Japan, on typical about 60%. Just two years later, a British research institute detailed investigation concluded that, in the UK market in 1999 Pin Sales of automobiles, steel wheels as standard models only account for 46%.
two.2.2 International drum business concentration and oligopolistic structure of production progressively
Europe, America, Japan and the three main automotive markets slow development and speedy penetration of alternative unfavorable variables, to the international steel wheel manufacturing enormous pressure of survival. This pressure to promote the restructuring of the international steel wheel manufacturing and production focused acquisitions. At present, the international steel wheel manufacturing industry in many main automotive industry has formed a “three pillars” of the oligopoly structure:
Steel wheel industry in North America fundamentally HayesLemmerzInternational, ArvinMeritor and Accuride three divided by the manufacturer the Japanese market is generally the Topy, CentralMotorWheel and RingTechs divided.
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